What does this mean?

• Feb 25, 2020 - 04:43

What does ‘clarino in Do/C’ in this picture mean?

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"Clarino" was the highest-pitched of the trio of trumpets used in orchestras of Bach's time - the others were "tromba" and "principale." "Do/C" means a trumpet in C. This was of course before the modern valve mechanism was invented, and the only notes that could be played on a valveless trumpet were the open harmonics of the note to which it was tuned. Thus a C trumpet was used in music in the key of C, a D trumpet (he most common) for the key of D, etc. For examples, check out Bach's orchestral suites no. 3 and 4, each of which uses 3 trumpets in D.

In reply to by FrombeettiMiz

Depending on your target audience, you might also include a Bb part.

Sure, C and D trumpets were the most common. There is evidence that there were also crooks for different keys. There is also portrait of Bach's go to trumpet player. He is holding a tightly wound instrument many believe was pitched in F.

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